Madagascar is a large island located off the southeastern coast of Africa, in the Indian Ocean, south of the equator, having an area of 587,295 square km and ranked as the 5th largest island in the
world after Australia, Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo.
Madagascar is home to thousands of endemic animal species such as lemurs and chameleons, as well as rainforests, beaches and coral reefs.
The island is divided into 6 major provinces and 22 regions including the capital, which is Antananarivo.
– Population: approximately 26 million
– Name of the President of the Republic: SEM Andry NIRINA RAJOELINA.
Madagascar has a tropical climate below the equator with “summer” in December and January, and “winter” in July and August. Winter is cold and dry, while summer is hot and humid.
As a rule, it is warmer on the coasts than in the central highlands.The heaviest precipitation is found in the east coast of the country, where the rain is omnipresent even outside the rainy seasons. On the other hand, rain is rare in the south coast; which has a semi-desert climate.
The rainy season is between November to March, with a temperature of about 28°C at the beginning of the month of January and accompanied by heavy rains. When planning a trip to Madagascar, it is advisable to avoid the rainy season, due to cyclones.
The dry season (between April and October) is the most recommended time for exploring Madagascar, with warmer temperatures (around 21°C in Antananarivo in the middle of July) and almost no precipitation. The thermometer may drop up to 5°C in some highland areas.
25°C during the months of April, May, june , September and October.
21°C during the months of July and August.
The climate of the West region is characterized by a hot and dry summer, with precipitation occuring from January.
The dry season is particularly well marked, and extends from May to October.